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Friday, August 4, 2017

Blue Mosque - Sultanahmet Camii



One of the most important works of the 7th century, the Blue Mosque is a masterpiece built within the architectural sense of Mimar Sinan. After Sinan, architect Sedefkâr Mehmet Aga, who handled the legacy of Turkish architecture, rose in his hands.

As it is known, Sultan Ihmet of the Sultan was a 14th-year Ottoman throne (at the age of 1603) when he was only 14 years old. He lived as a 14th monarch and died at 16 years in 1617 after 14 years of reign.

It is allied with all sources that Sultan Ihmet was a religious sultan. XVII. When it came to the beginning of the century, the main hills of Istanbul were kept with mosques and complexes, each bearing the name of a sultan. Sultan Ahmet, however, puts the idea of ​​raising a beauty that has not been seen in the throne city until now, as a thanksgiving document at the expense of paying great expense money and destroying many famous queen and pasha palaces. The head motif and passion make the most magnificent and beautiful of the glasses that have been made up to that time to prove the person.

Architect Mehmet Aga goes to the architecture of the chief after being included in the palace of the palace of architecture and architecture in 1569-1570.

Ayse Sultan palace located in the direction of Kibele of the horse plaza (hippodrome) was facing the sea, its area was very wide and it was close to the Topkapi palace and its surroundings were not much built up. This place was seen by the Sultan. Ayse Sultana, who was named, sent thirty thousand golden calibres of gold, and he handed over his possessions to the court immediately with hearted pleasure.

It is the 9th Thursday of the 1018 recep month. (Today's calendar is 1609 years, the month is about the beginning of October) The first excavation in the templar, Sultan Ahmet Han himself shot. This excavation is in Topkapı Palace museum today. When the foundation digging started, the Sultan Ahmet Khan had first prayed that he would carry the soil with the skirts of '' Ya Lord Ahmad's servant ... ''. The completion of the mosque is on June 9, 1617, with the current calendar on the 4th day of the 1026th Holidays on Friday. Thus, construction lasted 7 years 5 months 6 days.

                 It is the central structure of the mosque consisting of Mosque, Medrese, Daru-l Kurra, Muvakkithane, Sıbyan Mektebi, Arasta, Hamam, İmaret, Darü'ş-heifa and Türbe and is surrounded by an outer courtyard. The worship area, which is bounded by the walls of the mosque, forms a square close to the square. 53.50x49.47 (2.646 m2) square meters. The inside of the Sultanahmet mosque has a four-leaf clover plan. Four elephant feet are very influential.

                  The main dome is 43 meters high and 23.5 meters in diameter. This measure shows Mehmet Ağan's ability as an engineer. The inside of the glass is surrounded by 260 windows which are placed in a very spacious space. Because of the way the windows are placed, the large dome looks like it hangs in the air.

 As it is known, westerners say "Blue Mosque" in the sense of this blue mosque. This mosque is as bright and spacious as any of its peers. In the three rows of walls, the blue, which is the dominant color in the tiles and pencil adornments covering the walls of the glass, which received light from countless windows opened on the pulleys of half, center and corner domes, caused this name to be given.
In the Blue Mosque, 21043 pieces of tiles were used for the purchase of 16-18 pieces of acorns each as the products of İznik and Kütahya workshops at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century. The selviler, lilies, hyacinths, narchizekleri, greeks, grape clusters in the panel which is brought to the white ground with various colors on the white floor is the entity that provides beauty in Sultanahmet Mosque and is the only source of Turkish tile. Sultanahmet Mosque has more than 50 different tiles.

Sultanahmet Caminin mihrabı, minberi, mahkali mahfeli are separate works of art. The mihrabi, covered with motifs of china filled with flowers, is decorated with crumbs with cypress motifs made of marble. The pulpit is gilded with geometric inserts and reliefs. It is a masterpiece with a pearl inlaid door and a fine wall work of golden gilded tiles.

First, in this mosque, a mansion has been added to the mosque for the first time in this mosque, before and after the prayer for the sultan's rest. This pavilion, which has been adopted by many sultan cami, has been built on the front corners of the mosque or on the bezels that can be passed easily.

Caminin marble-floored inner courtyard is surrounded by 30 dome-covered porches sited on 26 columns. In the middle of the courtyard is a six-column fountain.

It is the only glass with six minarets. Four of the minarets are two in honor of two. A minaret was added to the Mecca mosque in order to preserve its honor because the six minaret mosque was only the Mecca Mosque prior to the construction of this mosque.

The Sultanahmet Mosque is a great mabed that is magnificently magnificent, magnificently magnificent, faithful and sincere. Shortly after the completion of his humble and devout mosque, the complex is lying on the turban, built on the northeastern side of the outer courtyard of the glass, the completion of the complex.

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